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Crater of the volcano Moschilos

 

Description

It does not remind a volcanic crater, there are no steam jets, only the crops of hard working farmers of the area that exploit these fertile volcanic soils. But it's a fascinating view point not just for the island itself, but also for several neighbouring ones.

At the western entrance of Varos, move north on a dirt road and after about 2.5km you will find a small plateau, enclosed by low hills. Most likely, the location is shared with the crater of an inactive volcano, Moschylos. The absolute absence of trees, leave the eyes of the wonderer to gaze unobstructed throughout the Aegean Sea.

 

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Seal cave in Fanaraki

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Description

Emerald green waters and strong, impressive colors on the walls make the Cave of the Seal or Fokospilia, special. It is a place with unique beauty, located near Moudros next to the bay of Small Fanaraki and according to tradition, is a refuge for the rare seals monachus - monachus. The cave is accessible from the sea and from its top.

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Lemnia Terra

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Description

Maybe you are not able to see it or use it anymore, but you should definitely learn about it. It is probably the first product in the world of Protected Designation of Origin and certainly the first standardized pharmaceutical formulation in the history of medicine.

In ancient times it was extracted in a mystic way from the spot where Hephaestus had fallen in Limnos, since according to the myth, he healed his wounds by using it. Tradition sets this point among villages Repanidi, Kotsinos and Varos, on the hill Despotis, Mosychlos in antiquity. Today in that location, there is a small whitewashed chapel of Christ the Savior. First Herodotus mentions Lemnia terra, whereas subsequently many scholars and physicians of the antiquity studied it, used it and wrote about it. They believed that had hemostatic effect, was curing dysentery, relieved stomach ulcer and neutralized the poison of snakes. The extraction ceremony consecrated by a priestess coming from Hephaistia. Then it was being transported to the city, where after appropriate processing, packed in small circular tablets, like the current pills, and stamped with the figure of the goddess Artemis or her protected animal, a goat.

The extraction and use of terra Lemnia continues during the Byzantine period and its reputation spreads in the Arab world. During the Renaissance, becomes known in Europe and travelers who visited or wrote about Limnos refer to it. In the West it was known as terra lemnia or terra sigillata (sealed land).

In Christian times the ceremony was combined with the celebration of the Savior and was on 6th August. They called it Agiochoma and the seal bore the figure of Christ, whereas during the Ottoman Period it was sealed with the crescent.

Small quantity of the extracted clay was given to local potters to manufacture cups and vessels.

In August 1916 we have the last reports about extraction of terra lemnia.

Analyses of both past and nowadays reveal that the Lemnia terra consists mainly of silica and alumina clay. It also contains a high percentage of iron oxides.

 

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Rock Formations at Falakro

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Description

At the north part of the island at the Cape of Falakro, or 'Falakro' as the locals call it, a beautiful geographical phenomenon reveals the geographic history of Limnos and creates some superb imagery.

Millions of years ago, hot volcanic lava flooded out of the depths of the earth and froze to crystal as soon as it came in contact with the sea waters

Impressive natural sculptures arised as a result, which the locals also call by the impressive name ... “fragokefala”. The dozens of shades of yellow frozen lava and the spherical geological formations, next to the picturesque coves of the sea, are worth a visit.

 

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Waterfalls of Kaspaka

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Description

Near the beach of Aghios Ioannis, on the west side of the island, a waterfall unveils at the scenery. The torrent of Kaspaka, also known as “stream of Katsagitis”, creates an impressive landscape with the rushing waters plunging over a height of about 15 meters.

The area is called 'Hanging Waters', some time ago in the past there was a stone build windmill exploiting the momentum of these waters.

The falling waters have formed various flat surfaces at the area, with small ponds that accommodate frogs, crabs, turtles and eels. The best time to visit is suring spring, when the water is still plenty.

How to get there:

To get to the waterfall, follow the path that starts on the south side of the beach, and after a few paddocks, you will reach the waterfall.

 

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